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The Hummel Eye Associates Blog
Serving Oklahoma City, Norman, Edmond & nearby areas of Oklahoma
Have you grown tired of taking eyeglasses on and off throughout the day, or putting in contact lenses each morning and removing them at night? If you live in or around Oklahoma City and you’re looking for a more convenient way to correct your vision problems, LASIK and other types of refractive surgery might be the best option for achieving your ideal eyesight.
Refractive surgery is the general term for procedures that correct vision conditions known as refractive errors. These errors occur when abnormal structures within the eye prevent light from focusing correctly as it moves toward the retina.
Common refractive errors include:
- Astigmatism (blurred vision due to the eye’s inability to focus incoming light properly)
- Myopia (nearsightedness)
- Hyperopia (farsightedness)
Our ophthalmologists offer different types of refractive surgery options to help patients resolve these eyesight issues. The ideal refractive surgery will depend on your eye health and corrective needs.
Nowadays, the most common refractive surgery is LASIK, where an advanced surgical laser gently and precisely reshapes the cornea to restore clear, crisp vision. Although LASIK is probably the best-known laser eye surgery for correcting refractive errors, it isn’t the only option.
Other laser eye surgery options include:
- Photorefractive keratectomy (PRK)
PRK, LASEK, and Epi-LASIK are known as surface ablation procedures. Unlike LASIK, surface ablation doesn’t require the creation of a flap in the cornea, making these refractive surgeries a potentially superior option for patients with thin corneas or other eye health issues that could rule you out as a LASIK candidate.
We also offer refractive surgery that doesn’t require the use of laser technology via clear lens exchange. During this process, your flawed natural lens is removed from the eye and an artificial lens (akin to a permanent contact lens) customized to correct your unique vision problems is inserted in its place.
To learn more about how refractive surgery can help you attain your ideal eyesight, please contact Hummel Eye Associates using the form on this page or call 405-546-3636 today to schedule a consultation. We serve patients in Oklahoma City, Norman and the surrounding areas of Oklahoma.
Laser eye surgery can correct your vision with advanced technology, giving you the freedom to live life without the constraints of glasses and contacts. Before moving forward with LASIK surgery, it’s important to know what you should expect from the procedure -- both the benefits and potential side effects.
LASIK procedures use a gentle surgical laser to correct imperfections on the surface of the eyeball, reshaping the cornea and restoring your vision. Like any surgical procedure, side effects can occur after LASIK. However, many of these side effects are temporary, including:
- Dry eyes
- Light sensitivity (photophobia)
- Blurry vision
- Loss in contrast, leading to trouble with night vision and causing glare, halo or starburst shapes to form around lights
Typically, these issues only persist anywhere from a few days to a few weeks.
Though unrelated to the LASIK surgery itself, your eyes, like any other part of the body, undergo changes tied to health, age and other physical developments over time. Though your vision might be corrected to your satisfaction after LASIK, your vision can still change over time due to issues such as:
- Presbyopia: The age-related decline in the eye’s ability to see nearby objects, requiring reading glasses or bifocals
- Flap folds: Some patients might experience wrinkling in the corneal flap over time, potentially leading to vision impairment; this is correctable through surgical repositioning
- Patients with farsightedness (hyperopia) might find that LASIK doesn’t permanently correct their vision; subsequent LASIK procedures can offset regression
- In rare cases, some patients’ vision could be over-corrected or under-corrected by LASIK, possibly requiring additional surgery and/or correction with glasses or contact lenses; if your vision wasn't corrected properly by the initial procedure, it’s best to wait for the eyes to heal completely before additional correction
Please contact Hummel Eye Associates using the form on this page or call 405-546-3636 today to schedule your LASIK consultation. We serve patients in Oklahoma City.
Dry eyes is a common complication associated with LASIK, impacting approximately 50% of patients who undergo the procedure. In most cases of dry eyes after LASIK, the issue will gradually subside over a six month time period. However, there are a small percentage of cases where these dry eye issues can persist for several years.
There are certain risk factors which may potentially increase your risk of experiencing dry eyes after LASIK. One of the most common is dry eye syndrome, a condition that occurs when your eyes are unable to produce a sufficient amount of tears necessary to maintain optimal eye health.
Some of the most common symptoms of dry eye syndrome include:
- Blurry vision
- Stinging or burning eyes
- Periods of excess tearing followed by extended periods where you’re unable to produce enough tears
- Heavy eyelids
- Scratchy or sandy sensation in the eyes
- Stringy discharge from the eyes
Fortunately, dry eye syndrome doesn’t prevent you from being a suitable LASIK candidate. At Hummel Eye Associates, our LASIK surgeons can take precautionary steps prior to surgery to limit any dry eye issues after your procedure. These measures include treating your eyes with:
- Artificial tears
- Restasis (an eye drop that helps increase tear production)
By taking these precautions, our surgeons can improve your comfort and help you achieve the best possible outcome from your LASIK procedure.
Please contact Hummel Eye Associates using the form on this page or call 405-546-3636 today to schedule a consultation. We serve patients in Oklahoma City, Norman, Edmond and the surrounding areas of Oklahoma.
Eye injuries range from minor irritation to long-term vision damage, and many of these accidents happen in the workplace. March is Workplace Eye Wellness Month, and this is a great time to identify the hazards in your office, manufacturing building or on your construction site. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reports more than 20,000 eye injuries happen every year. Injured employees may have to take several days off work to recover.
An estimated $300 million is spent every year to cover the medical expenses, lost income and workers’ compensation for employees who suffer eye injuries according to OSHA. Identifying unsafe areas in the workplace, having regular eye exams and making eye safety a priority can help you avoid these common eye injuries:
- Eyestrain caused by repeated exposure to bright light, dim light or digital screens
- Eye trauma from flying objects—typically metal, glass or debris
- Foreign objects lodged in the eye, such as a shard of glass or part of a tool
- Chemical burns, which can be caused by anything from hot pepper oil in a restaurant kitchen to chemical cleaners
You can avoid these injuries by posting the dangers in plain sight, having eye wash stations near hazardous areas, wearing certified protective eyewear and being prepared for emergencies.
There are also several ways to recognize eye injuries including:
- Difficulty seeing
- Visibly torn or cut eyelid
- Eyes don’t move in sync with each other
- The eye is protruding out of the socket
- Change in pupil shape or size
- Blood in the clear part of the eye
If you’re experiencing vision changes or eye pain, please contact our eye doctor in Oklahoma City immediately at (405) 546-3636 to schedule your eye exam. Hummel Eye Associates serves clients in OKC, Norman, Edmond and surrounding areas of Oklahoma.
Age-related cataracts are a leading cause of blindness in the world. Age isn’t the sole cause of cataracts, though. This degenerative eye disease can develop in men and women of all ages. In some cases, even newborns can have congenital cataracts. Luckily, cataract surgery can restore vision by removing your clouded natural eye lens and replacing it with an intraocular lens (IOL).
While age is the most common source of cataracts in individuals over 60, other causes include:
1. Eye Injury and inflammation: Traumatic cataracts can develop following eye injuries which could involve injuries caused by alkali burns or blunt objects.
2. Certain medical conditions: Hypertension, obesity and diabetes can all contribute to your likelihood of cataracts.
3. Corticosteroid medications: Long-term use of corticosteroids such as prednisone can lead to the formation of cataracts.
4. UV radiation: Ultraviolet light from sunlight, tanning beds and other sources of UV damage your vision and produce free radical chemicals inside your eye lens.
5. High myopia (nearsightedness): Severe nearsightedness could make you more susceptible to cataracts, glaucoma and retinal detachment.
There are many more potential causes of cataracts such as alcoholism, smoking and a family history of eye disease. March is Save Your Vision Month, and annual eye exams are the best way to maintain healthy eyes, especially if you’ve noticed vision changes. Early signs of cataracts involve blurred or hazy vision.
Schedule your eye exam with Dr. Hummel in Oklahoma City today at (405) 546-3636. Hummel Eye Associates serves patients in OKC, Edmond, Norman and surrounding Oklahoma areas.